Chicago Documentation Style

Chicago Style Manual



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  • Chicago style papers may or may not have a Bibliography page depending on the professor’s preferences.  If your paper does not have a Bibliography page, you will need to use a long footnote for the first reference to a work and then short footnotes thereafter.  If your paper does have a Bibliography page, you only need to use short footnotes.  Be sure to find out your professor’s preferences.
  •  The alphabetized Bibliography comes at the end of your paper (after the endnotes if you used them).  It should be of a list of works cited in your paper but not those merely consulted (unless specifically indicated by your professor).
  •  Individual entries should be single-spaced with a double space between each entry.
  •  The word Bibliography should be centered two inches from the top of the page, not underlined, italicized, or bolded and in 12-point font.  Double space after the word.
  •  Include a subsequent page number on the Bibliography page.  For example, if the last page of the paper was 12, then the Bibliography should begin on page 13.
  •  Use a hanging indent for all entries: the first line of an entry is flush left, and all other lines in the entry are indented one half inch.


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Citing Electronic Sources
  • With electronic sources, some of the data which should be included on the Bibliography page is frequently missing.  As a general rule, include as much data as you can find on your source, but do not be alarmed if you cannot find everything.
  • Because of the fluctuation within electronic media, it is important to carefully determine the credibility of electronic sources.  Most articles that appear in journals or books have been reviewed and juried by several experts, enhancing their credibility.  This is not always the case with electronic sources.  Web sites ending in .edu (educational institution), .gov (government agency), and .org (non-profit organization) are more consistently credible than Web sites ending in .com or .net.


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